Xamarin Forms + Parse + Push Notifications + Android = trouble


Quick Introduction

It took me some times to implement Parse's push notifications in my Xamarin Forms (Android) application. I find out some issues and made workarounds. Strangely, I have the impression that I'm a rare guy working with Xamarin Forms and Parse... But maybe you are in the same situation that I was. So just read the following.

The context

I'm actually making a (cool) Xamarin Forms app (maybe I will talk about it later in another post). One of my final steps is to implement Push notifications. Details of the context of my project are the following:

- Xamarin Forms (Android & iOS) app
- I use Parse server for my business server. Actually I host my Parse server at https://parse.buddy.com for convenient reasons but I could host it on many other servers.
- So logically, for the push notifications, I would like to use Parse push notification service.
- In order to use Parse Services, I use Parse .NET SDK (latest available version is v. - note that it's important for the next part ;)

The problem (Parse .NET SDK)

I encountered many problems but specially 2 annoying ones with Parse. 
The first one is that there is no Parse PCL library to use with Xamarin Forms... I talked about it in this post: Parse for Xamarin - no PCL, my solution.
But my main problem was with push notifications (specially with Android). It was not working and I couldn't find any solution on the web ?! (maybe I'm not efficient enough with Google :p) It took me several days to find a working solution...

Almost my troubles where located in the Parse .NET SDK ! 

What are the issues ?!

1- Setup PN for android apps

First thing to do is to configure your Android Application. I'm sure you have found many articles on it. But the key points to care of are:
  • Use FCM (Firebase Cloud Messaging) instead of GCM (former Google Cloud Messaging) because it is deprecated.
  • Then make a big attention to your androidManifest.xml file. Some sections are mandatory in order to make PN works...
You can find a good article on it here. Take your time and follow the guide step by step: https://buddy.com/parse/push-configuration/

For the "AndroidManifest.xml" file, take a look at mine with needed sections and permissions:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" android:installLocation="auto" package="com.yourapp.android" android:versionName="1" android:versionCode="1">
  <uses-sdk android:minSdkVersion="21" android:targetSdkVersion="25" />  
  <uses-permission android:name="com.google.android.c2dm.permission.RECEIVE" />
  <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_WIFI_STATE" />
  <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" />
  <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE" />
  <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WAKE_LOCK" />
  <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.VIBRATE" />  
  <permission android:protectionLevel="signature" android:name="com.yourapp.android.permission.C2D_MESSAGE" />
  <uses-permission android:name="com.goodchapp.android.permission.C2D_MESSAGE" />
  <application android:label="My app" android:icon="@drawable/icon">    
    <meta-data android:name="com.parse.push.notification_icon" android:resource="@drawable/icon" />
    <meta-data android:name="com.parse.push.gcm_sender_id" android:value="@string/gcm_sender_id" />  
    <provider android:name="android.support.v4.content.FileProvider" android:authorities="com.yourapp.android.fileprovider" android:exported="false" android:grantUriPermissions="true">
      <meta-data android:name="android.support.FILE_PROVIDER_PATHS" android:resource="@xml/file_paths"></meta-data>
    <service android:name="parse.ParsePushService" />
    <receiver android:name="parse.ParsePushBroadcastReceiver" android:permission="com.google.android.c2dm.permission.SEND">
        <action android:name="com.google.android.c2dm.intent.RECEIVE" />
        <action android:name="com.google.android.c2dm.intent.REGISTRATION" />
        <category android:name="com.yourapp.android" />

Don't forget to replace "com.yourapp.android" by your own app's package name. And I put my GCM_SENDER_ID into the "strings.xml" file.
GCM_SENDER_ID must be prefixed by "id:", (ie: "id:XXXXXXX")

2- Parse .NET SDK, issue 1: latest release does not contain fixes

Yes you read it correctly. As everybody should have done, I used the latest Parse SDK release that can be found here on github:

"Missing SenderID issue": After investigations, I found that there was an interesting bug specifically on push notifications... but I also noticed that this bug was already corrected...

ref: https://github.com/parse-community/Parse-SDK-dotNET/issues/194

As you can see, the fix has been made on March 2016. The latest SDK release is from January 2016... So the latest release doesn't contain bug fixes !

3- Issue 2: GET_ACCOUNTS permissions uneeded

There is also a second issue that has not been merged into the latest release. It concerns a permissions in the "AndroidManifest.xml" file that you must not set !

This is the "Get_ACCOUNTS" permission. Be sure to remove it from your manifest in order to get Parse PN working EVEN IF A DEBUG MESSAGE TELLS you that this permission is needed...

ref: https://github.com/parse-community/Parse-SDK-dotNET/pull/223

It took me too much time to understand that :p ! And the last problem will make you understand why !

4- Issue 3: Invalid debug messages in the SDK :'(

Finally, as I told you, I found invalid debug messages in the SDK source code. So that's why I didn't understand quickly what was happening.

In particular in this file:

Take a look at the picture bellow. I thought I was dealing with a specific problem but in fact it was another :'0

Finally what did I do ?

As I have no more time, I did what nobody should do when publishing a "production" application :p
- I took the latest release source code
- Then I corrected by myself the mentionned issues (using the work already done by Richard Ross on github).

- Finally I recompiled a release version for Android only. If you are interested, you can download the recompiled Parse.Android.dll file below. I gave it the version number

Parse.Android.dll (v. with Push notification fixes)



Some say he’s half man half fish, others say he’s more of a seventy/thirty split. Either way he’s a fishy bastard.

2 commentaires:

  1. Hey Julien,

    First of all, thanks for this post ;)

    This PN makes me crazy, I cant make them work...

    By chance, have you got a sample project ? I can't find anything on google...

    Im using Parse on Sashido + Xamarin.forms and my deviceToken is always empty. I desper

    Thanks again,


    1. Hi,
      I know PN can be borring to setup ...
      On wich plateform it's not working for you ?

      Have you seen ?
      There are some mistakes in the latest released version of the Parse SDK for .NET... specially one for the Push Notifications (on Android plateform)...

      Have you tried the Parse .NET DLL file I provide at the end of this article (containing the corrections) ?

      Make me sign...